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Diabetes is one of the most common diseases in the world – most of us know someone who has diabetes. In diabetes, the body can no longer control the level of blood glucose which results in blood sugar levels being too high in circulation system. Diabetes can hit a person at any age though older people are more prone to it. People with a family history of diabetes are at the highest risk.

What causes Diabetes?
Diabetes is when your body cannot control blood sugar levels due to insulin related problems. Insulin breaks down glucose and allows your body’s cells to use it as energy. In type 1 diabetes, the body is unable to produce any insulin. Type 1 diabetes, which is the most common type of diabetes, the body cannot produce enough insulin. This results in high concentration of glucose in your blood.

Is there a cure for Diabetes?
There is no cure for diabetes yet; but the disease can be managed. Depending on the type and severity of the diabetes doctors usually recommend lifestyle changes as well as medication. Lifestyle changes include avoiding foods with sugar.

How do Diabetes medications work?
Insulin shot is the most well-known medication. Insulin is for people whose bodies cannot produce insulin at all or produces too low of a quantity of insulin. Not all diabetes patients need insulin – most can get by on medications which help the body produce insulin, or which break up the glucose in their own way. There are fast acting tablets in cases of there being a sugar spike, and there are slow release medications for managing the disease throughout the day. 


For more information visit: http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/Diabetes-type2/Pages/Introduction.aspx